Paul described life “in the flesh” in chapter 7. Now he describes the opposite—life “in the newness of the Spirit” (7:6). He celebrates this new life of the Spirit that Christians enjoy as a result of Christ’s saving work. Controlled by the Spirit, we are not condemned by the Law because our past is forgiven, and through the Spirit we are enabled to do what the Law requires while waiting for our final resurrection into glory (8:1–11). The Spirit makes us God’s children (8:12–17) and assures us of a wonderful hope (8:18–30).